Modes of writing

The UA must ensure that the combined advance width of the composition fits within 1em by compressing the combined text if necessary. (This does not necessarily mean that the glyphs will fit within 1em, as some glyphs are designed to draw outside their geometric boundaries.) OpenType implementations must use width-specific variants (OpenType features hwid / twid / qwid ; other glyph-width features such as fwid or pwid are not included) to compress text in cases where those variants are available for all typographic character units in the composition. Otherwise, the UA may use any means to compress the text, including substituting half-width, third-width, and/or quarter-width glyphs provided by the font, using other font features designed to compress text horizontally, scaling the text geometrically, or any combination thereof.

The TOEFL Junior ® tests are available in two testing modes: the paper-delivered TOEFL Junior Standard test and the computer-delivered TOEFL Junior Comprehensive test. Each mode measures a different set of English-language skills. Both tests provide reliable administration and scoring, and scores from both testing modes are mapped to CEFR levels. Plus, TOEFL Junior scores are matched to MetaMetrics® Lexile® measures so you can help students choose books at the right reading level to improve their English reading proficiency.

Modes of writing

modes of writing


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