Each institution practices different methods for counting affiliates, from generous counting to conservative.  Within this list, the University Counts are thus shown as comparison, which are published by the universities themselves. The federal University of London is counted by its individual constituent colleges in this table. The University of California is also counted here by its individual campuses. Finally, this list, together with List of Fields Medal winners by university affiliation and List of Turing Award laureates by university affiliation , presents the university affiliation (with similar criteria) of people who have won highest honors in fundamental academic disciplines.